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Tom Petty is dead but his legacy lives on

His death was unexpected, but the outpouring of reactions shows that Tom Petty embodied a special place in rock 'n' roll history. Petty's intelligent lyrics and simple melodies moved people around the globe. The premature news saying that he had died caused a massive shockwave. But when hisactual death was confirmed, Tom Petty broke hearts across the world - one last time. There was an outpouring of grief on social media and down the ages of rock. Mick Jagger praised Petty's songwriting on Twitter, saying it felt "sad about Tom Petty, he made some great music." The Strokes' guitarist Albert Hammond Jr also paid homage to the man to whom he clearly owed a lot: "I grew up with your music," he tweeted. "I'm going to miss you." Influenced by some of his greatest contemporaries These tributes are not at all surprising. Tom Petty had a knack of spitting out hits as a solo artist as well as with his band Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers: "Free Fallin'," "Learning to Fly," "I Won't Back Down," "American Girl" and many more. Born in 1950, Petty was part of the teenage scream that woke up America with the opening chords of "She Loves You" when the Beatles played on the Ed Sullivan Show in 1964. Like millions of others across the US those "yeah yeah yeahs" in the chorus inspired him to pick up a guitar and make his own music. But it wasn't just the fab four who helped him in shaping his rich signature sound. The raw energy of the Rolling Stones and the jangly guitar sound of the Byrds were key strands in the rich melodic tapestry that became his trademark style, as were a number of country music influences. The embodiment of rock 'n' roll Tom Petty's skill was in being able to fashion simple melodic lines, back them up with sharp chords and then infuse the line with lyrics that appealed to both a sense of nostalgia and defiance. "I Won't Back Down" is an anthem written for stubborn youth - or in fact for anyone who might feel a need to rally or rail against the world: "I know what's right/I've got just one life/In a world that keeps on pushing me around/But I stand my ground/I won't back down." This is a true rock 'n' roll sentiment. His songs have a timeless quality too, with a feeling of freshness while appearing as if they have already existed forever all the same. Perhaps that was why they accidentally appeared in other artists' work: "Last Nite" by The Strokes is a dead ringer for "American Girl;" the band did admit that they stole the opening off Petty. Furthermore, the similarity of Sam Smith's "Stay With Me" to "I Won't Back Down" led to Petty getting a share of the royalties and a songwriting credit on Smith's hit. He was pretty sanguine about the theft, if theft it was, saying that he laughed when he heard the Strokes had admitted to borrowing the riff, and also stressed that he cast no blame on Smith for the seeming plagiarism. Perhaps it's because he understood the process of how songs and music come to a musician. A collaborative genius Tom Petty described music as a magical thing that can transform you, whether playing in a band on a stage in front of an audience, or writing a song. He described once how he didn't know how his songs arrived; he would just play his guitar and the shapes would come. He thought it best not to analyze it too deeply. His openness to music and the process of making it also explains why he collaborated with so many people. He opened for Bob Dylan on one of his tour. That connection later brought the two together as songwriters for "Jammin Me," a great example of spat out lyrics punctuated by powerful chords. He also worked with Stevie Nicks, and Dave Stewart from the Eurythmics later produced his music too, co-writing the hit "Don't Come Around Here No More" with Petty. But surely the greatest partnership for him must have been with George Harrison’s troupe, The Traveling Wilburys. The supergroup of Harrison, Petty, ELO's Jeff Lyne and Roy Orbison must have been something of a dream for the boy in the man whose musical talent had once been awoken by the Beatles. Regardless of that, Tom Petty's own unique sound will resonate long after he's gone - and surely inspire many more musicians to come.

His death was unexpected, but the outpouring of reactions shows that Tom Petty embodied a special place in rock ‘n’ roll history. Petty’s intelligent lyrics and simple melodies moved people around the globe. The premature news saying that he had died caused a massive shockwave. But when hisactual death was confirmed, Tom Petty broke hearts across the world – one ... Read More »

Patti Smith: the poet with a punk heart turns 70

An icon for over half a century, Patti Smith remains an enigma to those who try to pigeonhole her. At 70 years young, Smith continues to find poetry in unlikely places. Happy birthday to the reluctant Godmother of Punk! Some have called her the Godmother of Punk, others the Grande Dame of Alternative Rock. But what Patti Smith really is, deep down in her heart, is a poet. Her music takes second. Born on December, 30, 1946, in Chicago, Smith grew up in New Jersey together with three siblings. While her father was an atheist, her mother was a Jehovah's Witness, raising her kids to be religious. She wanted to become a teacher. During her studies, she got pregnant and had the baby, but gave it up for adoption. Then she quit her studies, and - not even 20 years old - found her way to New York's art scene where she got involved in art, drugs, parties and music. Back then, her idols were the poets Charles Baudelaire and Arthur Rimbaud, and the musicians Jimi Hendrix, Brian Jones and Jim Morrison. Poetry in a punk club In clubs and bars, Smith opened for rock bands by reciting her poems on stage. She had her first big performance in February 1971. As part of a planned poetry series, Smith recited her work for New York stars like Allen Ginsberg, Andy Warhol, Lou Reed, Sam Shepherd and others, eventually publishing two volumes of poetry. During that time she also jammed with guitarist Lenny Kaye and keyboarder Richard Sohl. "Our songs consisted of three chords," she told the US radio magazine "Fresh Air" in 2006, "so that I could improvise on them." The three musicians kept playing around with Van Morrison's song "Gloria" for a long time until Smith decided to work in her famous poem "Oath" into that song: "Christ died for somebody's sins, but not mine (...) Christ, I'm giving you the goodbye, firing you tonight. I can make my own light shine." The reference to her mother's suffocating religiosity could not be overlooked. The birth of garage rock In 1975, the Patti Smith Group was complete. The first album, "Horses," was created with the help of producer and Velvet Underground veteran John Cale. On the cover, Smith appeared almost like an androgynous being with a wild dark mane - slim, delicate, clad in a men's shirt and jacket, and wearing a black ribbon looking like a loose tie. The album contained pure poetry, sometimes loud and uncontrolled, sometimes intense and enchanting. Smith made full use of her voice, implementing melody, rap, recitations and improvisations. "Horses" made it into the charts as the very first so-called new underground album. The magazine "Rolling Stone" included the disc in its list of 500 best albums of all time. Godmother of Punk? Reacting to Smith's wild performances, the music world put her squarely in the punk box, and even called her the Godmother of Punk. In an interview with BBC, she later said she regretted having been given all kinds of titles, like "princess of piss," or "wild rock 'n' roll mustang." She also said she and her band were never really punk. And yet, Smith definitely played a key role in punk - at least in the US. Yet the quintessence of Smith's music wasn't anarchism and nihilism, but rather the firm belief that rock 'n' roll could change the world - just as her rock heroes of the 1960s had demonstrated. Even today, "Horses" still stands for music that comes from the streets, transports dirt and feelings, and is ruthless, honest, unsparing and uncomfortable. Smith said she speaks to those who are like her - the disenfranchised, the mavericks - and tells them, "Don't lose heart, don't give up." A break after 'Frederick' The second album of the Patti Smith Group, "Radio Ethiopia" (1976), wasn't quite as successful. According to some observers, Smith was overdoing it a bit with her intensity that at times bordered on "extravagant confusion" ("Rock Rough Guide"). At the same time, though, the album was respected for its rough rock sound. In 1978, the album "Easter" followed with Smith's first big commercial hit. She released "Because the Night," with some support from Bruce Springsteen. It became her international breakthrough, and was followed by even more hits. The album "Wave" (1979) contained two famous songs - "Dancing Barefoot," and "Frederick," both lacking some of Smith's original wildness. After that, Smith's musical life came to an end - for a while, at least. With her husband Fred Smith and their children, she withdrew into family life. Once again, she wrote poems, and in 1988 she produced a record with her husband that nobody wanted to listen to. The mid 1990s were a dark period for her, as, within a few months only, she lost her husband, her best friend, and her brother. She also went broke - but was not forgotten. After all, she always continued to fascinate musicians, among them Kurt Cobain and Michael Stipe of R.E.M. So she started to perform again, here and there, as old friends started calling on her once again. And then came Bob Dylan Finally, Bob Dylan brought her back into the limelight. Smith reactivated her old band, and before they knew it they were opening for Dylan's show. The audience was thrilled. Twenty years after the release of "Horses," the band returned into the studio to produce the album "Gone Again" - a collection of somber and touching songs in memory of her deceased husband. Smith still continues to produce music today. Her wild mane has turned grey but the power of her songs hasn't diminished a bit. Whether she sings her old hits attempts to cover rock classics like "Smells like Teen Spirit" by Nirvana, she remains a poet who transports her verses via music.

An icon for over half a century, Patti Smith remains an enigma to those who try to pigeonhole her. At 70 years young, Smith continues to find poetry in unlikely places. Happy birthday to the reluctant Godmother of Punk! Some have called her the Godmother of Punk, others the Grande Dame of Alternative Rock. But what Patti Smith really is, ... Read More »

Swedish Academy member describes Bob Dylan’s Nobel silence as ‘impolite and arrogant’

Bob Dylan's silence since being named a Nobel laureate has been described as "impolite and arrogant" by a member of the Swedish Academy. But the committee said it was up to the singer if he decided to accept. The Swedish Academy, which selects Nobel Prize winners, has failed to contact 75-year-old singer-songwriter Bob Dylan since he became the first musician to win the literature prize in the Nobel's 115-year history last week. Dylan has been silent on the subject since he was awarded the honor for "having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition." The award has been mentioned on Dylan's Twitter and Facebook accounts, but a mention was removed from his website on Friday. On Saturday, Swedish media reported comments by Nobel committee member Per Wastberg, who said that if Dylan remained silent, it would be "rude and arrogant." The academy issued a statement saying that Wastberg's comments did not reflect their view. "The author awarded the Noble Prize makes up his or her own mind regarding the ceremonies involved in the presentation of the prize," said Sara Danius, permanent secretary of the academy. The choice of Dylan has been controversial, with some commentators questioning whether the singer's work qualifies as literature and others suggesting the academy missed an opportunity to bring attention to lesser-known artists. First to ignore If Dylan continues in silence, he would be the first award winner to ignore the academy's decision. Only two people have declined a Nobel Prize in literature. Boris Pasternak did so under pressure from Soviet authorities in 1958, while French writer Jean-Paul Sartre refused it in 1964. Harold Pinter and Alice Munro missed their respective ceremonies in 2005 and 2013 for health reasons. Each Nobel Prize is worth 8 million Swedish kronor ($930,000/825,000 euros). The literature prize and five other Nobel honors will be officially conferred in Stockholm on December 10, the anniversary of award founder Alfred Nobel's death in 1896.

Bob Dylan’s silence since being named a Nobel laureate has been described as “impolite and arrogant” by a member of the Swedish Academy. But the committee said it was up to the singer if he decided to accept. The Swedish Academy, which selects Nobel Prize winners, has failed to contact 75-year-old singer-songwriter Bob Dylan since he became the first musician ... Read More »

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